Sights & Attractions
DailyOperating time: 07.00 - 18.00
near the Temple of the Emerald Buddha Mahachai Road, Khwaeng Phra Borom Maha Ratchawang, Khet Phra Nakhon, Bangkok
Category : Village, Community, Other religious & spiritural sites, Landmarks and Memorials
Attraction Details :
Bangkok City Pillar Shrine was built during the establishment of the Rattanakosin Kingdom as the new capital city. According to the Brahmans’ traditional ceremony, before the establishment of the capital city, there has to be the city pillar ceremony at the city’s important strategic place so that the new city will become auspicious.
This city pillar shrine is located at the southeast corner of Thong Sanam Luang, opposite to the Grand Palace on Lak Mueang Road in Phra Borom Maha Ratcha Wang Sub-district, Phra Na Khon District, Bangkok.
King Rama I had the city pillar ceremony performed on Sunday 21 April, 1783. A pillar of acacia wood (Chaiyapruek) was used as a city pillar. It was covered with the sandalwood, making 29 inches in diameter at the pillar base. It was 187 inches high in total—108 inches above the ground and 79 inches underground. The top of the pillar was gilded lacquer and built in the shape of budding lotus flower. Inside was a place where the horoscope of the city was kept.
Later, in the reign of King Rama IV in 1852, the king ordered the excavation of the old pillar and the replacement of the new pillar instead of the dilapidated one. The new pillar was made of teakwood covered with 6 sheets of acacia wood. This pillar was 108 inches high and 70 inches wide at the basement. The horoscope of the city was kept in the top of over-5-meter pillar in the shape of Song Mant. This pillar enshrined Phra Lak Mueang, while the old and new pillars were placed in the new city pillar shrine. There was also a bricked and white-washed spire (called Prang) on its top.
As a result, there are 2 city pillars housed in Bangkok City Pillar Shrine. The old pillar built during the reign of King Rama I, which is the taller one, had been performed in the removal ceremony but it is still there because there is no proper place to keep it. The other one built during the reign of King Rama IV is where Phra Lak Mueang is housed.
The city pillar shrine has been restored for many times. In 1980, there was a big spectacular renovation for the 200th anniversary of Rattanakosin Kingdom. In 1982, there was a pavilion housing the 5 angels, which were Chao Por Hor Klong, Chao Por Chetakhupt, Phra Suea Mueang, Phra Song Mueang, and Phra Karn Chai Si. There are many performers of dance drama and Lakhon Chatri beside the shrine. The worshippers could hire them to pay respect to the city pillar shrine.
The Bangkokians believe that anyone who makes a wish at the city pillar shrine will receive more stability in their lives, will get rid of misfortune, and will live longer. They will live peacefully, have a lot of fortune and influence, and be successful in their career and their goal of life. Those who are interested in worshipping and wishing for better life can visit this place everyday free of charge.